Animation before film in 20th century.
- Puppet animation, JiÅ™Ã Trnka, the Poetic animation school
- Catalogue of Czech animation
- Czech animation homepage
- 1931 – The Adventures of Juku The Dog, first Estonian animated short film
- 1950s – founding of puppet animation division of Tallinnfilm by Elbert Tuganov
- 1970s – founding of drawn animation division, Joonisfilm, by ”””Rein Raamat”””
- Article summarizing the history
- 1908-1925, Work of Ã‰mile Cohl:
The first animated cartoon (1908), and most animation techniques: morphing (1909), puppet animation and color animated cartoon (1910), pixilation (1911), first animated series (Le chien Flambeau, 1916).
- 1910-1913 Ladislas Starevich creates puppet animations
- 1935 First animated feature film in USSR, The New Gulliver
- 1935 Soyuzmultfilm Studio is created, will go on to fund many thousands of short animated films, mostly for kids
- late 1930s to 1950s – enforced Socialist Realism in cartoons (with a few exceptions).
- 1953 Puppet animation division re-founded at Soyuzmultfilm (it was closed shortly after The New Gulliver was released)
- 1962 Fyodor Khitruk‘s short film History of a Crime introduces new aesthetic to Soviet animation
- 1969 First episode of popular series Nu, Pogodi!
- 1972 First Cheburashka short is made
- 1979 Yuriy Norshteyn releases Tale of Tales, since then voted twice by a large panel of international critics as the best animated film ever made.
- 1989 Studio Pilot, the first private animation studio in the USSR, is founded
- 1990s government subsidies shrink dramatically, while the number of studios grows. Soyuzmultfilm is beset by corruption and banditism, slowly loses its dominant place among Russian studios.
- 2000s some high-profile animated features are made. Government diverts some funds to animation again. Nevertheless, many studios experience budget shortfalls and have difficulties finishing their ambitious projects.